The scarab is a symbol ubiquitous with ancient Egypt. The Egyptians placed great importance and ceremony around the scarab, creating a scarab faced god Khepri, who represented the rising of the morning sun.
Amenhotep III, the predecessor of Akhnaten, is (in)famous for having commemorative scarabs made. All of which mention his queen Tiye.
Scarabs became popular in Europe after Napolean's Egyptian campaign in 1798. The aesthetic impact on literature, art and architecture is noted as Egyptomania.
Egyptian Revival is the more recent (19th and 20th centuries) western movement inspired by the discoveries in the Valley of the Kings and the fascination of American's with mummies, the living dead and reanimation.